Battle of Alnwick  Malcolm III was killed by knights led by Robert de Mowbray. 



Alexander III ruled in Scotland for 36 years till his death when he fell from his horse when travelling home to see his wife in 1286, leaving his daughter as heir to the throne at the age of 3 years. However due to her premature death there was no ruler of Scotland until John Balliol was chosen by Edward to become King of Scots. He was crowned king at Scone on St Andrew's Day 1292 and ruled till 1296. 



War of Independence began in 1296 because the English king Edward I wanted to appoint his choice to the vacant Scottish throne.Battle of Dunbar

John de Warenne defeats John Balliol, paving the way for most of Scotland to fall to Edward I.



Battle of Stirling Bridge

William Wallace defeated the English forces of John de Warenne and Hugh de Cressingham near Stirling on the River Forth.


Battle of Falkirk

Led by Edward I the English army defeated the Scots led by William Wallace. Shortly after the battle Wallace resigned as Guardian of Scotland


1303 Battle of Roslin When 8000 Scots defeat 30.000 English at Roslin. 


1304  Siege of Stirling Castle. The English under Edward I capture Stirling Castle


Battle of Loudoun Hill. Robert the Bruce's first major victory over the English



Battle of Bannockburn. Scottish victory in the First War of Scottish Independence, Robert the Bruce defeating the English.



The Treaty of Edinburgh–Northampton

The Treaty of Edinburgh–Northampton was a peace treaty between England and Scotland. It brought an end to the First Scottish war for Independence,The war began in 1296  The treaty was signed in Edinburgh by Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland, on 17 March 1328, and was ratified by the English Parliament at Northampton on 1 May. The document is held by the National Archives of Scotland in Edinburgh.



The Battle of Flodden. Between Scots army and an English army which resulted in an  English victory.

It was the largest battle fought between Scotland and England James IV was killed in the battle, becoming the last monarch of Great Britain to die in Battle.

Battle of Pinkie Cleugh (1547) Worst defeat by English first use of ships to bombard land troups

Battle of Dunbar (1650) Cromwell defeats Scots

Battle of Rullion Green ​(1666) Pentland Uprising Government troups defeat Covenanters Army. 

Battle of Prestonpans   (1745) First Scottish victory over English lead by Bonnie Prince Charlie

Battle of Killiecrankie (1689) First Scottish victory of the 1st Jacobite uprising,

Battle of Culloden  (1746) End of the Stuart and Jacobite Uprisings

© 2016 by All About Edinburgh. 

started 16 / 03 /2017

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