LINLITHGOW PALACE WEST LOTHIAN
St Michael's Church
Linlithgow Palace Entrance
Originally built on the site of a great manor house circa 1145 when David I was in residence and a town grew up around the Palace which was built circa 1425. It was King Edward I in 1301 that first built a wooden stronghold around the Manor House and St Michael’s Church. The stronghold remained in English hands for over 13 years until the English were defeated at Bannockburn in 1314 when the King Robert reclaimed the Palace but in a future English invasion of Scotland the Town and stronghold were burnt to the ground with only St Michael’s church surviving.
The rebuilding of the stronghold took place over a long period by a succession of Kings starting with James I in 1425 and continued by James III, James IV, James V and James VI. The remains of Linlithgow Palace that you can see today were there legacy. The completion of Linlithgow Palace took until circa 1620.
James IV left Linlithgow Palace he was never to return to Linlithgow Palace as he led the battle at Flodden and was the last monarch to die in battle (1513).
James IV son was born at Linlithgow Palace in April 1512 as was his daughter Mary a few days after James V died in December 1542.
Linlithgow Palace has many residents Bonnie Prince Charlie stayed here in 1745. The government troops led by the Duke of Cumberland on leaving in pursuit of Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Jacobite army set the Palace on fire in February of 1746. This was a common practice by the English as Cromwell’s troops set alight Holyrood Palace when leaving in 1650 on their way to Linlithgow. The palace you see today is much as it was left by Cumberland's troops in 1746.
LINLITHGOW PALACE FOUNTAIN
The Linlithgow Palace Fountain seen on the square before the entrance to Linlithgow Palace. Was built on instruction by James V in 1537. The fountain seen in the grounds of Holyrood Palace in Edinburgh is a replica of this fountain.
On 22nd May 1242, the Church of St Michael of Linlithgow was consecrated by the Bishop of St Andrews
St Michael's church over the centuries has been burnt damaged used as a store house, stables and barracks. It has even been used by the University of Edinburgh during the plague. St. Michael's Church on celebrating its 750th anniversary reinstalled a new stained glass window in the St. Katherine's Aisle. The window is designed around the theme of Pentecost and is a must see. This is a magnificent Church which has had many of the rulers of Scotland attend.
The Gothic timber pulpit is surrounded by 3 carvings of Queens Elizabeth II, Mary Queen of Scots and St Margaret.
Mary Queen of Scots statue in the grounds of Linlithgow Palace where she was born.