QUEEN STREET EDINBURGH and nearby Streets
EDINBURGH NEW TOWN ATTRACTIONS
Queen Street built as one of the three main streets in the Edinburgh New Town
SCOTTISH NATIONAL PORTRAIT GALLERY QUEEN STREET EDINBURGH
QUEEN STREET EDINBURGH
SCOTTISH NATIONAL PORTRAIT GALLERY
SCOTTISH NATIONAL PORTRAIT GALLERY STATUES QUEEN STREET EDINBURGH
Scottish National Portrait Gallery was built in the 1880. All the portraits are from Scottish history, painted by a range of major European and American masters. The gallery also displays sculptures, miniatures and photographs. Unique visual history of Scotland told through the portraits of those who shaped it, from the 16th century to the present. They include Mary Queen of Scots, Sir Walter Scott, Robert Burns and Sean Connery. It also houses the National Photography Collection.
Ist Viscount Duncan Saint Margaret George Buchanan Cardinal David Beaton 2nd Duke of Argyll John Knox
Sir Ralph Abercrombie David Hume Adam Smith Sir Henry Raeburn 1st Viscount Stair Gavin Douglas Sir David Lindsay James Hutton John Hunter
King James VI AND I King James I King Alexander III Sir James Douglas King James V
King Malcolm III Earl of Moray
John Napier William Maitland John Lesley Kleio Daughter of Zues
MARY QUEEN OF SCOTS
ROBERT THE BRUCE
JAMES YOUNG SIMPSON (7 June 1811 – 6 May 1870)
James Young Simpson discovered the unaesthetic power of chloroform and introduced anesthesia to childbirth. Simpson was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1863. On 4th November, 1847 Simpson first used chloroform.
It was first used as an anaesthetic to help ease the pain during childbirth. Queen Victoria used chloroform during the delivery of Prince Leopold in 1853. Simpson was the first man to be knighted by the Scottish Court of the Lord Lyon for services to medicine. "Victo Dolore" (pain conquered) is the inscription on Simpson’s coat of arms. Simpson died at his home in Edinburgh at the age of fifty-eight. A burial spot in Westminster Abbey was offered to his family, but they declined and instead buried Simpson closer to home in Warriston Cemetery, Edinburgh. On the day of Simpson's funeral, a Scottish holiday was declared, including the banks and stock markets, with over 100,000 citizens lining the funeral cortege on its way to the cemetery, while over 1,700 colleagues and business leaders took part in the procession itself. James Young Simpson Lived in 52 Queen Street Edinburgh for over 25 years.
JAMES YOUNG SIMPSON'S HOME
52 QUEEN STREET EDINBURGH
The plaque on the wall of the Balmoral Hotel at the foot of the North Bridge shows where the pharmacy of Duncan Flockhart & Co was sited in 1847.
This is where James Young Simpson made the Chloroform in his successful experiments.
Duncan Flockhart & Co Pharmacist
ST COLME STREET EDINBURGH
Catherine Sinclair was born in Edinburgh on 17 April 1800. Her father was
Sir John Sinclair, a well known politician and the first organiser of the
'The Statistical Account of Scotland'.
Catherine Sinclair was home educated and published her first book in 1832
('Charlie Seymour, or, The good aunt and the bad aunt').
Catherine Sinclair most popular book was for children and was sold worldwide Holiday House published in 1839. She also established cooking depots and was instrumental in drinking fountains and park benches being installed around the Edinburgh streets.
The inscription on the monument is
"She was a friend of all children and through her book Holiday House speaks to them still."
JAMES NASMYTH BIRTHPLACE YORK PLACE EDINBURGH
This is the birthplace of James Nasmyth who was born at 47 York Place Edinburgh in 1808.
He was the inventor of the Steam hammer and many other engineering tools.
THE ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS QUEEN STREET EDINBURGH
The Royal College of Physicians was given its Royal status in 1681 by Charles II and their first meeting hall was in Fountain Close in 1704. The present building was completed in 1844 and previous to that the first building on the same site was started in 1775. The three statues are of Hygeia (daughter of Asclepius and Goddess of good health), Asclepius (Greek God of medicine and son of Apollo), Hippocrates (ancient Greek physician). Two panels’ right and left of Hygeia show the winged lions at the lyre of Apollo.
WINGED LIONS AT THE LYRE OF APOLLO.
(Greek God of medicine and son of Apollo)
(ancient Greek physician).
Asclepius was a Greek god, healer and one of the Argonauts and his downfall was when he resurrected
two mortals, Zeus was unhappy with his actions and slew Asclepius with a thunderbolt.
Hippocrates Lived on the island of Kos,
He was a Greek physician and is believed
to be one of the most important figures in
the history of medicine. Known as the
"Father of Western Medicine"
The Hippocratic Oath that doctors take is
named after him.
Hygeia (Daughter of Asclepius)
(Goddess of good health)
Hygiene Greek goddess of good health was a daughter and helper of the god of medicine Asclepius,and a friend to the goddess Aphrodite.
THE ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS QUEEN STREET EDINBURGH
YORK PLACE EDINBURGH
SIR HENRY RAEBURN was a portrait painter and was born in Stockbridge Edinburgh in 1756 and died in Stockbridge Edinburgh 1823. He built a house in 32 York Place, this was where he painted, from 1795 – 1809. He was knighted in 1822 by King George IV and is recognised as Scotland’s most famous portrait painter. His best known work being “The Skating Minister” The Rev. Robert Walker of the Canongate Kirk skating on Duddingston Loch.
The painting is in the National Gallery of Scotland. The main street in Stockbridge being Raeburn Place named after the painter near where he was born and also died. He is buried is in St Cuthbert’s Graveyard in Lothian Road.
Sir Henry Raeburn Studio
32 York Place edinburgh
James Clark Maxwell Statue George Street Edinburgh
Sir Henry Raeburn Plaque
32 York Place edinburgh
Sir Henry Raeburn
James Clark Maxwell Birthplace
14 India Street Edinburgh
INDIA STREET EDINBURGH
JAMES CLARK MAXWELL 14 INDIA STREET EDINBURGH
James Clark Maxwell was born in 1831 at 14 India Street Edinburgh and died in 1879. James Clerk Maxwell was one of the greatest scientists that ever lived. He was the scientist who discovered, the theory of electromagnetism. He is named as the father of modern physics. He also made essential contributions to mathematics, astronomy and engineering. Radio, television, radar and communications, all derive from Maxwell's discovery. Albert Einstein said:
"The special theory of relativity owes its origins to Maxwell's equations of the electromagnetic field”.
Ivan Tolstoy, in his biography of Maxwell, wrote:
“Maxwell's importance in the history of scientific thought is comparable to Einstein’s (whom he inspired)”.
HERIOT ROW EDINBURGH
ROBERT LOUIS BALFOUR STEVENSON HERIOT ROW EDINBURGH
Robert Louis Stevenson was born Robert Louis Balfour Stevenson at 8 Howard Place, Edinburgh, on 13 November 1850. He then moved with his parents to a new family home at 17 Heriot Row for the next 23 years of his life, before moving to Tusitala an island of Samoa, where he lived until he died in 1894 (aged 44).
The most famous story from Robert Louis Stevenson is Treasure Island. Robert Louis Stevenson often visited the beaches at the area known today as Yellowcraigs and it is said that he based his map of Treasure Island on the shape of Fidra Island. Another story is the Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde based on William (Deacon) Brodie.
Robert Stevenson, Robert Louis Stevenson’s father was also a famous man as was his grandfather
(engineers and lighthouse builders). There is a bronze memorial to Robert Louis Stevenson in the Moray Aisle of St Giles Cathedral.
ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON 1850 – 1894
A statue of Robert Louis Stevenson as a boy
sits outside Colinton Parish Church where
he attended Sunday worship with his family.
Robert Luois Stevenson Birthplace
8 Howard Place Inverleith Edinburgh
Robert Louis Stevenson's home
for 23 years 17 Heriot Row Edinburgh
This is a volcanic island created around 335 million years ago. There is a lighthouse on the island which was built in 1885 by Robert Louis Stevenson’s family, as were most lighthouses around the British shores. Robert Louis Stevenson often visited the beaches at Direlton the area known today as Yellowcraigs. Robert Lois Stevenson’s inspiration for his novel Treasure Island came from his days looking at the Island.
The picture ,transcript and Lighthouse are on public display in North Berwick.
Look for the Lane of the High Street across the road from No.39 High Street North Berwick