QUEEN STREET EDINBURGH

and nearby Streets

ATTRACTIONS

Queen Street Edinburgh the last street in the planned New Town Edinburgh named after Queen Charlotte wife of George III. Thing to see and do in Queen Street. Home of James Young Simpson, Royal College of Physicians and Scottish National Portrait Gallery. 

Queen Street

York Place   Albyn Place   

SCOTTISH NATIONAL PORTRAIT GALLERY

The Scottish National Portrait Gallery in Queen Street houses many of the Scottish Masters and has many statues, busts, sculptures, art works modern and contemporary. With a cafe and many exhibits its a great place to spend a wet day.

the portrait gallery queen street edinburgh

SCOTTISH NATIONAL PORTRAIT GALLERY

The Plaque on the west of the entrance reads; Dedicated to the | illustration of Scottish | history. This edifice the | gift to his native country | of John Ritchie Findlay | was erected anno domini 1890 | by the honourable the board | of trustees for manufactures | R Rowan Anderson LLD architect

SCOTTISH NATIONAL PORTRAIT GALLERY STATUES

QUEEN STREET EDINBURGH

Scottish National Portrait Gallery was built in the 1880. All the portraits are from Scottish history, painted by a range of major European and American masters. The gallery also displays sculptures, miniatures and photographs. Unique visual history of Scotland told through the portraits of those who shaped it, from the 16th century to the present. They include Mary Queen of Scots, Sir Walter Scott, Robert Burns and Sean Connery. It also houses the National Photography Collection.

statue of St Margaret scottish national portrait gallery queen street edinburgh
statue of 1st viscount duncan scottish national portrait gallery queen street edinburgh
statue of 2nd Duke of Argyll scottish national portrait gallery queen street edinburgh
statue of Cardinal Beaton scottish national portrait gallery queen street edinburgh
statue of George Buchanan scottish national portrait gallery queen street edinburgh
statue of John Knox scottish national portrait gallery queen street edinburgh

          Ist Viscount Duncan                       Saint Margaret                  George Buchanan          Cardinal David Beaton        2nd Duke of Argyll                      John Knox

statues of Sir Ralph Abercrombie, David Hume, Adam Smith scottish national portrait gallery queen street edinburgh
statues of Sir Henry Raeburn and Viscount Stair scottish national portrait gallery queen street edinburgh
statues of Sir David Lindsay and Gavin Douglas scottish national portrait gallery queen street edinburgh
statues of james hutton, john hunter  scottish national portrait gallery queen street edinburgh

 Sir Ralph Abercrombie     David Hume           Adam Smith            Sir Henry Raeburn                  1st Viscount Stair       Gavin Douglas  Sir David Lindsay  James Hutton   John Hunter

statues of Sir James Douglas scottish national portrait gallery queen street edinburgh
statues of King Alexander III scottish national portrait gallery queen street edinburgh
statues of King James I scottish national portrait gallery queen street edinburgh
statues of King James VI and I  scottish national portrait gallery queen street edinburgh
statues of King James V scottish national portrait gallery queen street edinburgh

        King James VI AND I                            King  James I                                 King  Alexander III                            Sir James Douglas                                    King James V

           King  Malcolm III                      Earl of Moray

statues of King Malcolm III scottish national portrait gallery queen street edinburgh
statues of Earl of Moray scottish national portrait gallery queen street edinburgh

         John Napier                   William Maitland                       John Lesley                    Kleio Daughter of Zues

statue of John Napier scottish national portrait gallery queen street edinburgh

WILLIAM WALLACE

statue of Sir William Wallace scottish national portrait gallery queen street edinburgh

MARY QUEEN OF SCOTS 

statue of Mary Queen of Scots scottish national portrait gallery queen street edinburgh

ROBERT THE BRUCE

statue of King Robert the Bruce scottish national portrait gallery queen street edinburgh

JAMES YOUNG SIMPSON

(7 June 1811 – 6 May 1870)

James Young Simpson discovered the unaesthetic power of chloroform and introduced anesthesia to childbirth. Simpson was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1863. On 4th November, 1847 Simpson first used chloroform.

It was first used as an anaesthetic to help ease the pain during childbirth. Queen Victoria used chloroform during the delivery of Prince Leopold in 1853. Simpson was the first man to be knighted by the Scottish Court of the Lord Lyon for services to medicine. "Victo Dolore" (pain conquered) is the inscription on Simpson’s coat of arms. Simpson died at his home in Edinburgh at the age of fifty-eight. A burial spot in Westminster Abbey was offered to his family, but they declined and instead buried Simpson closer to home in Warriston Cemetery, Edinburgh. On the day of Simpson's funeral, a Scottish holiday was declared, including the banks and stock markets, with over 100,000 citizens lining the funeral cortege on its way to the cemetery, while over 1,700 colleagues and business leaders took part in the procession itself. James Young Simpson Lived in 52 Queen Street Edinburgh for over 25 years.

james young simpson plaque Queen Street edinburgh

 ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS 

QUEEN STREET EDINBURGH

The Royal College of Physicians was given its Royal status in 1681 by Charles II and their first meeting hall was in Fountain Close in 1704. The present building was completed in 1844 and previous to that the first building on the same site was started in 1775. The three statues are of Hygeia (daughter of Asclepius and Goddess of good health), Asclepius (Greek God of medicine and son of Apollo), Hippocrates (ancient Greek physician). Two panels’ right and left of Hygeia show the winged lions at the lyre of Apollo.

 THE ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS QUEEN STREET EDINBURGH

Royal College of Physicians queen street edinburgh

WINGED LIONS AT THE LYRE OF APOLLO.

winged lions at the lyre of Apollo queen street edinburgh

Asclepius

(Greek God of medicine) 

(Son of Apollo)

Hippocrates

(ancient Greek physician).

Asclepius greek god queen street edinburgh

Asclepius was a Greek god, healer and one of the Argonauts and his downfall was when he resurrected

two mortals, Zeus was unhappy with his actions and slew Asclepius with a thunderbolt.

hippocrates queen street edinburgh

Hippocrates Lived on the island of Kos,

He was a Greek physician and is believed

to be one of the most important figures in

the history of medicine. Known as the

 "Father of Western Medicine"

The Hippocratic Oath that doctors take is

 named after him.

Hygeia

(Daughter of Asclepius)

 (Goddess of good health)

Hygiene greek goddess queen street edinburgh

Hygiene Greek goddess of good health was a daughter and helper of the god of medicine Asclepius,and a friend to the goddess Aphrodite.

MARY ERSKINE SCHOOL

Mary Erskine donated a sum of money from her husbands estate to the Company of Merchants of Edinburgh, to have a school built to educate the poor children of Edinburgh Merchant families. The School (Hospital as they were called) named Merchant Maiden Hospital first opened in the Cowgate in 1694. It then moved to new premises on the corner of Bristo Street (now Bristo Place) and Lothian Street in 1706. As it grew it moved again to new premises in 1818 at the Lauriston area at the foot of Archibald Place. In 1870 moving once more to larger premises in the New town and changing its name to Edinburgh Educational Institution for Young Ladies. It was renamed in 1889 to The Edinburgh Ladies’ College. In honour of Mary Erskine the school changes its name in 1944  to The Mary Erskine School and a final move to its present home at Ravelston in 1966.

 

YORK PLACE EDINBURGH

York Place was part of the northern extension of the new town and is unchanged since built circa 1820. There were many distinguished families who occupied the houses of this thoroughfare.

SIR HENRY RAEBURN

Henry Raeburn was a portrait painter and was born in Stockbridge Edinburgh in 1756 and died in Stockbridge Edinburgh 1823. He built a house in 32 York Place, this was where he painted, from 1795 – 1809. He was knighted in 1822 by King George IV and is recognised as Scotland’s most famous portrait painter. His best known work being “The Skating Minister” The Rev. Robert Walker of the Canongate Kirk skating on Duddingston Loch.

The painting is in the National Gallery of Scotland. The main street in Stockbridge being Raeburn Place named after the painter near where he was born and also died. He is buried is in St Cuthbert’s Graveyard in Lothian Road.

sir henry raeburn studio york place edinburgh
statues of Sir Henry Raeburn and Viscount Stair scottish national portrait gallery queen street edinburgh
sir henry raeburn plaque york place edinburgh

JAMES NASMYTH BIRTHPLACE

YORK PLACE EDINBURGH

James Nasmyth Inventor

James Nasmyth born 47 York Place Edinburgh in 1808 became a Scottish engineer famed for inventing the steam hammer in 1842 and many other engineering firsts in his foundry in Manchester. He produced many tools and steam engines. His father Alex was a renowned Scottish artist. 

Alexander Nasmyth Artist

Alexander Nasmyth born in 1758 in Edinburgh live at 47 York Place and was said to be the father of Scottish Landscape Painting. He Studied under Allan Ramsay and as a friend of Robert Burns was fortunate enough to be the only one to paint a portrait of Robert Burns that exists today.

james Nasmyth plaque york place edinburgh
james Nasmyth birthplace york place edinburgh
 

Albyn Place Edinburgh

Albyn Place was a later addition to building the Edinburgh New Town as when the new town was built there were no buildings on the northside ot the street as it would obscure the view. 

 

Allan Campbell Swinton

Allan Campbell Swinton was born in Edinburgh in 1863 at 9 Albyn Place. Allan Swinton was educated at Fettes College Edinburgh. Alan Archibald Campbell Swinton was an electrical engineer and specialised in radiology and wireless. He was first to use x-rays in England. He became the President of the Rontgen Society of London in 1911, and was President of the Wireless Society in 1913.

Alan Swinton Plaque. Edinburgh
Alan Swinton House Albyn Place Edinburgh
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started 16 / 03 /2017

statues of Sir Ralph Abercrombie, David Hume, Adam Smith scottish national portrait gallery queen st